How do I calibrate a new battery on Linux?
I've installed a new battery on my laptop, but to my surprise, the percentage of charge in the battery is at 0. Here's the `upower` diagnostics: ```console $ upower -i /org/freedesktop/UPower/devices/battery_BAT0 native-path: BAT0 serial: 0 power supply: yes updated: Thursday 11 July 2024 09:54:55 PM (16 seconds ago) has history: yes has statistics: yes battery present: yes rechargeable: yes state: pending-charge warning-level: none energy: 0 Wh energy-empty: 0 Wh energy-full: 0 Wh energy-full-design: 0 Wh energy-rate: 0 W charge-cycles: 100 percentage: 0% technology: lithium-ion icon-name: 'battery-caution-charging-symbolic' ``` The "energy-full-design" capacity of the battery should be 70Wh, but here it is, at 0Wh. None of the statistics above (except date and time) have updated, and it's been two days already. How do I calibrate this battery?

RPM to APT distros correspondence
Is it safe to match them like this? - Fedora --> Ubuntu - CentOS Stream --> Ubuntu LTS - RHEL --> Debian I know that CentOS stream is more kind of a rolling release but... feels like an LTS distro in practice... or it is just me?

Aeon Desktop Introduces Comprehensive Full Disk Encryption
[Full Disk Encryption]( is planned to be introduced in the forthcoming release candidate of the [Aeon Desktop]( to enhance data security for its users. The feature is expected to be included in the upcoming Release Candidate 3 (RC3). [Full Disk Encryption]( is designed to protect data in cases of device loss, theft or unauthorized booting into an alternative operating system. Depending on the hardware configuration of a system, Aeon's encryption will be set up in one of two modes: Default or Fallback. ### Default Mode ### The Default Mode is the preferred method of encryption provided the system has the required hardware. This mode utilizes the [Trusted Platform Module]( 2.0 chipset with `PolicyAuthorizeNV` support (TPM 2.0 version 1.38 or newer). In this mode, Aeon Desktop measures several aspects of the system's integrity. These including: * [UEFI Firmware]( * [Secure Boot]( state (enabled or disabled) * Partition Table * Boot loader and drivers * Kernel and `initrd` (including kernel command line parameters) These measurements are stored in the system's TPM. During startup, the current state is compared with the stored measurements. If these match, the system boots normally. If discrepancies are found, users are prompted to enter a Recovery Key provided during installation. This safeguard ensures that unauthorized changes or tampering attempts are flagged. ### Fallback Mode ### The Fallback Mode is employed when the necessary hardware for Default Mode is not detected. This mode requires users to enter a passphrase each time the system starts. While it does not check system integrity as comprehensively as Default Mode, [Secure Boot]( is strongly recommended to ensure some level of security, confirming that the bootloader and kernel have not been tampered with. Contrary to initial concerns, Default Mode is not less secure than Fallback Mode despite not requiring a passphrase at startup. The strong integrity checks in Default Mode protect against attacks that could bypass normal authentication methods. For example, it can detect changes to the kernel command line that could otherwise allow unauthorized access. Furthermore, it safeguards against modifications to `initrd` thereby preventing potential passphrase capture in Fallback Mode. [Secure Boot](, while optional in Default Mode due to the comprehensive integrity checks, is critical in Fallback Mode to maintain system security. Disabling [Secure Boot]( in Fallback Mode increases vulnerability to tampering and attacks aimed at capturing the passphrase. Aeon's implementation of Full Disk Encryption provides robust security options tailored to the capabilities of users' hardware. By offering both Default and Fallback modes, Aeon ensures that all users can benefit from enhanced data protection. The inclusion of this feature in RC3 marks a significant step forward in safeguarding user data against potential threats. Aeon users are encouraged to read and bookmark the [Aeon Encryption Guide]( ### More Information about openSUSE: ### **Official** * [openSUSE News]( * [openSUSE Mailing List]( * [openSUSE Wiki]( **Fediverse** * []( (Image made with DALL-E)

Sound Blaster Recon3Di S/PDIF No Output
Greetings, I've installed Fedora Linux (with pipewire) on my friend's Alienware M17xR4 ([linux-hardware probe]( This incredible laptop got a Sound Blaster Recon3Di with a S/PDIF Digital Output which unfortunally does not work out of the box. I can see the vu meter moving inside gnome-control-center but no audio comes out and the port's red light (which on Windows lights up) does not turn on at all. By lookin up I've found this [thread]( on Linux Mint Forums but I had no luck with it. Has anyone else got issues with similar hardware? Thanks in advance.

>Zed is a modern open-source code editor, built from the ground up in Rust with a GPU-accelerated renderer.

How can I go about using the tty only on my system
I wanted to have a separate laptop where I only use the terminal for my use cases. At the moment I am somewhat confident using the terminal, but I think limiting myself to tty only would build my confidence even more. Any tips? EDIT: I am already using nvim and I already have installed a minimal distro (Arch). I just need advice on how to actually run this system effectively.

Some windows help please
Hi. I've not really used Windows since the early 2000. Even then not much. I have a single mini PC with windows on. And use it only for device firmware updates. As a ham radio nerd. You get many devices that can only be modified via windows. Anyway it was set up with dual boot the normal way. Windows first as it came with it. Then make a real Linux partition to use the PC on my boat while travelling. Now the issue is I am upgrading the Mini PC. Basically replacing memory and the tiny 128gb ssd. So need to install it all from scratch. I have order a copy of windows 11 from ebay. (At a price I consider acceptable for the crap) But its going to take several days to arrive. And I would like to be more efficient. So I am hoping folks can advice me on the best way to set up the PC with Linux first then install Windows 11 later. Knowing windows has a habit of messing up grub etc.

State of Text Rendering 2024
> [The author assumes] a high-level understanding of how text rendering works, for example, what shaping is. If that does not sound familiar to you, you might want to review [State of Text Rendering (2009)](, and [Modern text rendering with Linux: Overview (2019)](

Using clangd with vscode to develop a flatpak
I'm developing a program in C++ targeting flatpak, since I'm on an immutable system I'd rather develop for flatpak than try using a container (plus I can't get SDL to open a window in a container anyway). Everything works with GNOME Builder but it's not as nice to use as vscode: less syntax highlighting, doesn't reopen where I left off, can't debug multiple instances (Not to say I don't like GNOME Builder - it's really good and will only get better, it's just slowing me down at this point). I managed to get the flatpak building and debugging from within code, using the vscode-flatpak extension the only thing not working properly is clangd. I am using the meson build system. This is probably a bit of a long shot, but has anyone else tried to do this? BTW I'm not talking about using clangd with the vscode flatpak package

Is there a better way to browse man pages?
For many, many years now when I want to browse a man page about something I'll type `man X` into my terminal, substituting X for whatever it is I wish to learn about. Depending on the manual, it's short and therefore easy to find what I want, or I am deep in the woods because I'm trying to find a specific flag that appears many times in a very long document. Woe is me if the flag switch is a bare letter, like `x`. And let's say it is x. Now I am searching with `/x` followed by `n n n n n n n n N n n n n n`. Obviously I'm not finding the information I want, the search is literal (not fuzzy, nor "whole word"), and even if I find something the manual pager might overshoot me because finding text will move the found line to the top of the terminal, and maybe the information I really want comes one or two lines above. So... there HAS to be a better way, right? There has to be a modern, fast, easily greppable version to go through a man page. Does it exist? P.S. I am not talking about summaries like `tldr` because I typically don't need summaries but actual technical descriptions.

Before your change to Linux
What was the last version of Windows you used before hopping on over? This includes the Linux greybeards too. I was on Win10 but moved over as the end of life cycle is drawing near and I do not like Win11 at all. Another thing for this change was the forced bloody updates, bro I just wanna shut down my PC and go to bed, if I wanna update it, I'll do it on a Saturday morning with my coffee or something. Lastly, all the bloat crap they chuck in on there that most users don't really need. I think the only thing I kept was the weather program. So what's your reasoning for the change to the reliable and funni penguin OS?

Games on Whales - Stream multiple desktops and games from a single host
After 3 years in the making I'm excited to announce the launch of [Games on Whales](, an innovative open-source project that revolutionizes virtual desktops and gaming. Our mission is to enable multiple users to stream different content from a single machine, with full HW acceleration and low latency. With Games on Whales, you can: - **Multi-user**: Share a single remote host hardware with friends or colleagues, each streaming their own content (gaming, productivity, or anything else!) - **Headless**: Create virtual desktops on demand, with automatic resolution and FPS matching, without the need for a monitor or dummy plug - **Advanced Input Support**: Enjoy seamless control with mouse, keyboard, and joypads, including Gyro and Acceleration support (a first in Linux!) - **Low latency**: Uses the Moonlight protocol to stream content to a wide variety of supported clients. - **Linux and Docker First**: Our curated Docker images include popular applications like Steam, Firefox, Lutris, Retroarch, and more! - **Fully Open Source**: MIT licensed, and we welcome contributions from the community. Interested in how this works under the hood? You can read more about it in our [developer guide]( or deep dive into the [code](

how can I route all my traffic through tor on debian 12.6?
back when I used ubuntu derivatives I used privoxy and edited the config file to route all my traffic through tor. I just did the same on debian 12.6 and wonder if there's a better alternative.

How about a Tux on Canvas?
Let's draw a Tux on Fediverse Canvas

Canvas 2024 Simplex Chat room
This is for real time communication as Lemmy has a delay before comments show up from other instances

How Long Should Hardware/Software Support Last?
A while back there was some debate about the Linux kernel dropping support for some very old GPUs. _(I can't remember the exact models, but they were roughly from the late 90's)_ It spurred a lot of discussion on how many years of hardware support is reasonable to expect. I would like to hear y'alls views on this. What do you think is reasonable? The fact that some people were mad that their 25 year old GPU wouldn't be officially supported by the latest Linux kernel seemed pretty silly to me. At that point, the machine is a vintage piece of tech history. Valuable in its own right, and very cool to keep alive, but I don't think it's unreasonable for the devs to drop it after two and a half decades. I think for me, a 10 year minimum seems reasonable. And obviously, much of this work is for little to no pay, so love and gratitude to all the devs that help keep this incredible community and ecosystem alive! And don't forget to **Pay for your free software!!!**

Is there a linux distro (or just a DE) that can be used like a Smart TV
I don't want to use [Osmc]( or [LibreELEC]( What I'm going for is something like Android TV (tried using [LineageOS]( but that didn't work out for me). I was interested in something like [Plasma Bigscreen]( but most of the tutorial is about 4 years old and point to using an [old image]( I installed the [Debian package]( After that, I logged in and set `Automatic login`, and switch the session to `Plasma Bigscreen (x11)`. After applying and a reboot, it launched Plasma Bigscreen but some widgets (like the audio, KDE Connect) froze when clicking on them. What do you recommend? I prefer to use a Raspberry Pi.

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Possible to use Linux for Wi-Fi drivers on Windows?
Sorry if this is slightly off topic, I searched for communities about tech support on here and couldn't find anything that wasn't dead in the water. Basically I want to use WPA3 on my Network, however my Windows partition doesn't support WPA3 for some reason. I only keep that piece of trash around for school work. My Fedora Linux partition can use WPA3 just fine so I assume this is a driver issue. Is there any way to use Linux WiFi drivers on Windows? (inb4 how the turntables)

Is the RHCSA worth it?
See title; I'm considering it, but the courses bundles are *expensive*

Linux for iPod?
I found my 7th gen iPod Touch running 15.8.2. This device is no longer supported by Apple so I can’t Sign in with Apple ID to do anything useful. Any ideas of how I can save this device from becoming e-waste? I was trying to add Delta emulator to use it for roms but no luck. Any ideas/suggestions?? 🤷🏼‍♀️ TYIA 💜

Suggestion of distro for TV/server combo?
I have a server that is also plugged into my TV. It's running Ubuntu server, but then I installed the DE when I started trying to use it with the TV as well. For the TV I'm using Kodi synced with Jellyfin. Unfortunately it's not very stable. Most of the time it's fine, but with specific files Kodi will crash, often bringing down the whole system. I expect this is at least partly because the DE was an afterthought and it's not running a full DE. I'm looking at doing a full refresh of the server, and am wondering if there is a distro that is particularly good for this use case. I also want to be able to play games on occasion with xbox controllers. TL;DR: Can you suggest a distro to run on a PC connected to a TV, used mainly to run Kodi and as a server via docker containers, but also for games via wine/proton with controller support?

Howdy face recognition on 24.04 LTS?
cross-posted from: >I was previously using PopOS! 22.04 on my tuxedo laptop and I'd installed on it [Howdy]( to take advantage of the IR camera and have a windows hello alike face recognition feature. > > Everything was working fine, but after some time GNOME 46 and its new goodies were too tempting to stick with Pop's old GNOME version (at least for me) and therefore I switched to Ubuntu 24.04 > > However, when I tried to install howdy using the PPAs as I did with Pop I noticed it wasn't working because of some changes that were made regarding on how Python is managed, and I couldn't find a solution for that. > Looking at howdy's GitHub issues, there are a lot of them talking about this problem that seems to be started with 23.x versions already, but having so many issues created a bit too much confusion to me and I didn't manage to find a working solution from there. > > Is there anyone here using Howdy on Ubuntu 24.04? How have you managed to install it?

On Open Source and the Sustainability of the Commons
cross-posted from: > > On Open Source and the Sustainability of the Commons par Ploum - Lionel Dricot.

trying to find a touch keyboard for wayland kde
i've been searching nonstop. im stuck on gnome and i really hate it. i know theres mallit but its just a phone layout so how do i even exit vim? id need a full key layout

Question: If windows is required, what distro do you recommend?
So, at school we use the whole Office 365 suite for a myriad of tasks. Teams is used as the main way to share exercises and lesson material, Outlook is used as the resident email service, and you're expected to use OneDrive to store all/most of your data. There are some additional apps that require Windows, but beyond the office 365 suite they are all replaceable. **What I'm wondering is, what distro can run/access those apps without too much hassle and set-up?** I'm looking to do this on a HP probook x360, upgraded to 32 GB of ram. The only peripheral of note I've got is a Ugee drawing tablet, but I can use the openTabletDriver or their own on some distro's. -------------------- Edit: Thanks guys! User helpimnotdrowning recommend Mint! This'll be my first real daily foray onto Linux, so it's definitely a good option. I'll also have a look at Gnome Vs KDE. I've been looking at KDE in the past, but gnome is definitely worth a peep as well. User BearOfATime, thanks for giving the software name that allows for a seamless VPN transition! I'll also look into the win 10 LTSC. Not sure it's a right fit, but it's always fun to learn more! As a couple of you recommend, there seems to be a teams flatpak to download, so I'll have a look into that! Finally, I'd like to thank y'all for the useful and helpful answers! Many of you said to try the webapps, so I'll be doing that! My current plan is to use VMWare (alt is Vbox. VMware works (and looks) better) and try to actively use a mint VM. Not sure If I'll be able to stick to it, and not unknowingly switch to windows, but having it as a starting app should solve a couple issues. Slower start times, sure, but that's not the worst. Your advice is very much appreciated! It's given me a good confidence boost to start. Thanks for that :D

Distro for n100
I’m trying to decide on a distro for my n100 mini pc. It’ll be for watching content, browsing the web, using discord And playing music. I have Garuda running in it right now just as a tester to see how it did at emulation and honestly it ran 3DS games pretty swell lol. But it feels very bogged down overall. Anything really light weight that will feel a bit snappier?

Developing GUI app on Immutable Distros
So I'm looking at trying am Immutable Linux Desktop (uBlue Aurora probably). One thing I'm not clear on is how to run GUI apps during development. From what I understand I should create a container with distrobox, install my toolchains in it and start developing. I'm used to containers for CLI and server work, but I'm not sure how it applies to the GUI (Wayland / KDE). If I do a `cargo run` inside distrobox for a Rust GUI project will it just work? I saw that I can 'export' apps, but that is for already built executables whereas I will be building and rebuilding them.

What email client are you guys using?
I just can’t find a decent email client that looks like it’s from the last 20 years. Geary and Evolution both appear to be pretty modern but something about using Gmail with a Yubikey just doesn’t work and neither of them will connect to my account. Both on Fedora and OpenSUSE. Thunderbird works but it’s so old fashioned and Betterbird doesn’t look much better. What’s everyone else using?

OpenSUSE is the best
Hear me out, the mascot is a freaking chameleon, that's cool as shit man. Also it's a German engineered distro, German engineering wins again! Zypper is just a funnier name for a package manager and it has Tumbleweed which is arch but actually doesn't break for once! Your rebuttal?

Are there any modern wifi cards that work with Linux and have 100% FOSS drivers (no proprietary binary blobs)?
I was thinking of getting a wifi card like that, but can't seem to find any.

Not really sure I get Wayland
I switched to Linux about 1.5 years ago now when replacing my old Macbook Pro with a Tuxedo Infinity Book. I am super happy with the transition, and for the most part my digital life has severely improved as a result of it. There's one thing in particular though that I haven't fully grasped or understood despite all the talk about it, and that really has mostly caused confusion on my part, and that is Xorg/X11 (I don't know the difference...) vs. Wayland. I started out with Tuxedo OS 1 and 2 running KDE Plasma 5.x.x, and thus have been on X11 for the most part since switching to Linux. I never dared switching to Wayland myself. However, they somewhat recently started offering optional upgrades to Tuxedo OS 3 running KDE Plasma 6 where Wayland is the default, and I took the plunge. The only real difference I noticed was small annoyances that I had to fix. Glitching windows running on XWayland and having to configure some `.desktop`-files to force apps to launch natively in Wayland. Apps not showing the correct desktop icons but the generic Wayland logo instead, making Alt+Tabbing a bit more difficult because it is harder to tell applications apart. Annoying smooth scrolling (I don't want scrolling to have as much friction as polished ice) activated in all kinds of applications that I seem to have to turn off individually. Nothing breaking (though I haven't dared booting with my Nvidia dGPU yet in fear of breaking something irreversibly...), but I haven't noticed any improvements either, and I find it a bit frustrating not knowing where to make the necessary changes and always having to search for it seemingly on a case by case basis. Now for instance I was updating FreeTube to a new version, and the flags I previously added to the ́.desktop'-file suddenly doesn't work anymore (`--enable-features=UseOzonePlatform,WaylandWindowDecorations --ozone-platform-hint=auto`). The application won't launch unless I remove them, but then it launches under XWayland instead. Not that I have any issues so far running it like that, but I guess I would prefer to run everything natively in Wayland if I can.

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Good mouse with good linux support
What do you think are the best mice for use with linux? What factors do you think are most important in selecting a mouse? (eg precision, build quality, comfort, other) Price is optional

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    Linux is a family of open source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991 by Linus Torvalds. Linux is typically packaged in a Linux distribution (or distro for short).

    Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries, many of which are provided by the GNU Project. Many Linux distributions use the word “Linux” in their name, but the Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to emphasize the importance of GNU software, causing some controversy.


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